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Ancient Megastructure – Petra

petraAl Khazneh, one of the ancient world’s most magnificent ancient megastructures which humans display formidable resourcefulness and courageous endeavour to create. It was generally believed to be built between 100 BC and 200 AD. Petra is a historic and archaeological city in the Jordanian governorate of Ma’an that has rock cut architecture and water conduits system. Established sometime around the 6th century BC as the capital city of the Nabataeans, it is a symbol of Jordan as well as its most visited tourism attraction. It lies on the slope of Mount Hor in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah, the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra was chosen as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in July 7, 2007 and a World Heritage Site since 1985. Petra was chosen by the BBC as one of “the 40 places you have to see before you die”. The site remained unknown to the Western world until 1812, when it was introduced by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. Stations 19 through 26 of the stations list of Exodus are places associated with Petra. (The stations list is the list of the 42 Stations or Mansions visited by the Israelites following their exodus from Egypt as described in the Bible). This part of the country was Biblically assigned to the Horites, the predecessors of the Edomites.

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